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Different Types of Buildings and their Architectural Design (Residential, Commercial, and Public)

Different Types of Buildings and their Architectural Design (Residential, Commercial, and Public)

The architecture industry is booming. And with each and every day, there may be a different architectural layout for different buildings – business, public or residential. For every type of construction, there is a particular reason for which it’s constructed.

Did you ever come upon a situation in your life when you had been looking at a building in which the lovely design of that specific construction left you in shock? There is no doubt that when you’re looking at building designs, you are probably curious as to just how they are constructed and what goes into the design process used by professionals to create such lovely structures.

When it comes to residential buildings, there are tons of designs and patterns for different housing requirements, such as unmarried people or multi-family people. There are—of course—differences in the styles, prices, and locations of those sorts of buildings.

An example of a building within the public zone would be a government office or a retail space. In contrast, a commercial building could be an industrial warehouse manufacturing facility or a retail shop.

Throughout this article, we will be exploring the basic ideas of architectural layout for different forms of buildings, which include residential, commercial or public homes. In the next few minutes, we’re going to discuss the unique ideas and layout elements that make those structures purposeful and beautiful.

What is the architecture industry?

In the field of architecture, the term refers to the various sectors and businesses that work together to design, construct, and maintain buildings and constructions. It covers everything from planning and development to construction and renovation. The architecture industry is helping to shape the physical landscape of our cities and markets.

Importance of the architectural industry

Today the architectural industry plays an important role when it comes to the growth and development of our society. As we said earlier, the architectural field is growing rapidly, and it is helping to make our world better and more beautiful when it comes to infrastructure, residential properties and commercial buildings.

However, here are some of the key reasons why the architectural industry is so important:

Make society better: 

In the architectural industry, we design and construct buildings to meet the needs of people, businesses, and organizations. The building we see around us—house, offices, schools, hospitals—makes our lives easier to live here on Earth.

Make the world a better place:

We have been in the design and architecture field for many years, so we can say that we are using eco-friendly and sustainable approaches. To keep our environment clean and healthy, architects are using renewable energy sources, recycled materials and energy-saving technologies.

Keep our culture alive:

In the past few centuries, we have seen how architecture shows and shapes our societal values. Because of that, it represents the architectural styles, traditions and values of the specific period and place during which it was constructed. In addition, architecture is one of the most influential ways to protect cultural heritage and contribute to creating important places in our lives.

Boost our economy:

We cannot move ahead without saying that the architectural industry is an important part of the global economy. Apart from creating jobs, it grows the economy and increases taxes on governments, which creates more jobs for our youth.

Different Types of Buildings: Residential, Commercial, and Public

Residential buildings

Residential structures are buildings that are planned and designed to provide people with the space to live. The houses could be in different forms and sizes, including small apartments to individual houses. In residential buildings, you will find personal and family space, including bedrooms, bathrooms, kitchens, and living rooms, as well as amenities related to personal and family living. Apart from that, there may also be some extra space available for corridors, elevators, or a garden within the building. The main goal of residential buildings is to provide housing for people where they can relax and chill.

Benefits of residential building

Here are some key benefits of residential buildings:

Residential buildings are an option for shelter. The most important and fundamental purpose of residential buildings is to provide shelter and housing for people. As a result, within these buildings, we can live in a secure, safe, and comfortable environment.

Residential buildings provide you with a private and personal living space. Residential buildings provide residents with their own private living homes, allowing them to have personal space that’s separate from the public.

Residential buildings offer you a lot of amenities and facilities. As you walk through apartment buildings and high-rise buildings, you will find all the modern amenities and facilities for residents, such as swimming pools, gyms, parks, playgrounds, clubhouses, and play areas.

Residential buildings provide convenience and accessibility. It’s easy to think of your home while reading this particular point. Your house, for example, must be close to basic amenities, such as schools, healthcare facilities, shopping centers, and public transport services. In short, residential buildings make our daily lives more practical and comfortable.

Residential buildings are good investment opportunities. For many individuals and real estate developers, apart from just a living space, residential properties are a good opportunity for a valuable investment because there is always a high return on investments in residential properties.

Commercial buildings

Commercial buildings are structures created for commercial use. In real-life scenarios, these buildings are the base for commercial offices and organizations to run their operations. From a small retail shop to a building that is over a hundred stories high, there is something for everyone. Normally, commercial buildings have amenities such as lifts, air conditioning, and security systems added to them. You can divide commercial buildings into a lot of categories, like office buildings, malls, hotels, and factories. Apart from that, commercial buildings in urban areas create jobs and services that ultimately help the economy.

Benefits of commercial buildings

Commercial buildings help boost economic growth. There is no doubt that commercial buildings are very important to businesses around the world. Because, through these buildings, organizations handle their everyday business activities. It takes a lot of effort and time to prepare a design for this type of building. This means that when these businesses grow, they simply contribute by creating more jobs for architects and real estate developers and, of course, by paying more taxes to the government.

Commercial buildings help increase company marketing. You’ve probably seen the office buildings of Apple, Microsoft, Google, and many other top organizations. And you might find it interesting to see their unique design. So, it can be said that a well-designed commercial building can act as a marketing tool and help to boost a company’s brand image.

Commercial buildings provide a professional environment. A professional, soothing and calm environment is one of the most important things for a business. Commercial buildings, as a result, provide an organized and dedicated workspace specifically for working purposes. Commercial buildings are different from residential buildings, which help you find work-life balance. So, it becomes more important for an architect to design it in a way that helps maintain the decorum.

Commercial buildings are created for a specific purpose. You will not find a hospital building in a manufacturing factory. This is because all these commercial buildings — offices, retail spaces, warehouses, medical facilities, and industrial complexes — are specifically designed and constructed to fulfill the needs of different industries. When it comes to designing commercial layouts, architects make sure all the required things are there in the building.

Public buildings 

When it comes to public buildings, these buildings are created with the purpose of serving the public. These buildings are either owned by the government or public sector organizations, and they are used for different public works. The category of public buildings can include the courts, libraries, museums, schools, parks, and hospitals. The role of public buildings is to offer the necessary services to local people—and, of course, to make their lives better. These buildings are often meeting places for us, as well as provide us with educational opportunities, and they store significant cultural heritage objects. In simple words, public buildings are very important for our day-to-day lives.

Benefits of public buildings

Public buildings provide essential services for everyone. According to their name, public buildings provide important services for everyone. When planning and designing public buildings, architects keep in mind all the important features, such as spacious hallways, elevators, and ramps for older people. Because at the end of the day, the general public will use these buildings.

Public buildings help improve the economy. Public buildings are for the general public to use. As an example, museums and tourist buildings generate a lot of income, which ultimately adds to the economy. Aside from that, these public buildings provide many employment opportunities for many people. So, its design and architectual approach is going to be different from the commercial and residential buildings.

Public buildings are symbols of cultural and historical heritage. When it comes to public buildings, there are so many museums, theaters and historical places. Public buildings are designed in a way that keeps the cultural background, artistic creativity and, most importantly, historical records for years to come. Architects use their minds and souls to think outside the box to maintain culture and history.

Public buildings provide security and emergency services. To make it easier to understand, we can take the example of fire stations, police stations and other public buildings. When designing this type of building, architects make sure that they are accessible and can help those who need them most. So it is quite clear that public buildings are very important for everyone.

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